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In today’s rapidly evolving world, we are witnessing remarkable advancements in various fields, including women’s hygiene. Every day, we witness the introduction of innovative products that aim to support and enhance women’s overall comfort, convenience, and well-being. These products are thoughtfully designed to empower women in their pursuit of optimal health and happiness. Innovative solutions such as cutting-edge menstrual cups, smart period-tracking apps, and eco-friendly period pants are revolutionising the way women approach their menstrual cycles and overall hygiene. One of the most common inquiries from women is, “How do a menstrual cup works?” In this article, we will delve into the topic of How do menstrual cups work, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of their usage and benefits.

What is a menstrual cup and How do Menstrual cups work?

Menstrual cup is a silicone based medically certified cup shaped container that stores menstrual blood. It is great alternative to sanitary pads and tampons as it contributes a lot in sustainable development.

Inserting menstrual cup

  • Make sure you wash your hands properly when you are inserting a cup to avoid gems entry or any infection.
  • Fold the cup using a folding technique of your choice (e.g., C-fold, punch-down fold, or 7-fold).
  • Find a comfortable position, such as sitting on the toilet or squatting, to insert the cup.
  • Relax your vaginal muscles to make insertion easier.
  • Hold the folded cup firmly with one hand, keeping the opening facing up.
  • Insert the folded cup into your vagina at a 45-degree angle towards your tailbone.
  • Push the cup into your vagina until the stem or base of the cup is just inside.
  • Release the fold and let the cup unfold fully inside your vagina.
  • Rotate the cup if necessary to ensure it has fully opened and formed a seal.
  • Check if the cup is positioned correctly by running your finger around the rim to feel for any folds or dents.
  • If the cup is not fully open, gently tug the stem to create suction and help it open.
  • Trim the stem if it feels uncomfortable or protrudes too far outside the vagina.
  • Wear a panty liner or backup pad, especially during the learning phase, to prevent leaks.
  • To remove the cup, wash your hands and use your finger to locate the base of the cup.
  • While removing, it is important to first break suction by pinching it.
  • Slowly and gently pull the cup out of your vagina, being careful not to spill the contents.
  • Empty the cup into the toilet and rinse it with water before reinserting or storing it.
  • Sterilize the cup before and after each menstrual cycle by boiling it in water for a few minutes.
  • Practice and patience are key when learning how to insert and remove a menstrual cup.

Get to know your vagina.

  • The vagina is a muscular canal that connects the uterus to the external genitalia (vulva).
  • It serves as a passage for menstrual fluid, sexual intercourse, and childbirth.
  • The vagina is self-cleaning and produces natural lubrication to maintain its health.
  • Its walls are lined with rugae (folds) that expand during arousal or childbirth.

What is the Cervix?

  • It has an opening called the cervical os, which allows menstrual blood to flow out and provides an entryway for sperm during fertilization.
  • The position and height of the cervix can vary among individuals.

Low Cervix:

  • If you have a low cervix, it means that your cervix is positioned relatively closer to the vaginal opening.
  • When using a menstrual cup with a low cervix, you may need a shorter cup to ensure a proper fit.
  • Measure your cervix height before choosing a cup to ensure it won’t protrude or cause discomfort.

Medium Cervix:

  • A medium cervix means that your cervix is positioned at an average distance from the vaginal opening.
  • Most standard-sized menstrual cups should work well for individuals with a medium cervix.
  • However, it’s still essential to measure your cervix height to find the right cup length for optimal comfort and fit.

High Cervix:

  •  A high cervix indicates that your cervix is positioned further up in the vaginal canal.
  •  If you have a high cervix, you may prefer a longer cup that can reach comfortably without causing any discomfort.
  • Longer cups can be useful in preventing leakage and ensuring a proper seal.

Measuring Cervix Height:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly.
  • Insert a finger into your vagina until you feel your cervix (a firm bump, similar to the tip of your nose).
  • Note how far your finger has to go before reaching your cervix.
  • This measurement will help you determine the appropriate cup length for your cervix height.
  • Remember, every individual’s anatomy is unique, and finding the right menstrual cup may require some trial and error. If you’re uncertain or have concerns, consult with a healthcare professional for guidance and recommendations tailored to your specific needs.

Cleaning your cups : The right way

Emptying the Cup:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water before removing the cup.
  • Relax and find a comfortable position (squatting, sitting on the toilet, or standing with one leg raised).
  • Gently grasp the base of the cup and slowly pull it out.

Rinsing the Cup:

  • Empty the menstrual fluid into the toilet or sink.
  • Rinse the cup with cold water first to prevent stains from setting.
  • Then, rinse the cup with warm water to remove any remaining residue.

Cleaning the Cup:

  • Wash the cup with a mild soap or regular water.
  • Clean it properly from inside and out and don’t forget to clean the rim.

Sterilizing the Cup:

  • Make sure you clean your cup using sterlization before and after your periods.
  • Boiling Method: Fill a pot with water and bring it to a boil. Place the cup in the boiling water and let it simmer for 5-10 minutes. Ensure the cup is fully submerged and does not touch the sides or bottom of the pot.
  • Sterilizing Solution: Some manufacturers provide sterilizing solutions or tablets. Follow the instructions provided by the cup manufacturer for the correct usage.

Drying and Storing the Cup:

  • After cleaning your cup, dry your cup with a clean towel or let it air dry.
  • Store the cup in a clean pouch or box.

General Tips:

  • Avoid using harsh chemicals, scented soaps, or antibacterial agents, as they can cause irritation or damage to the cup.
  • Regularly inspect the cup for any signs of discoloration, deterioration, or damage. If you notice any issues, consider replacing the cup.


Doubts that women have about menstrual cups

Is it possible that the menstrual cup gets lost in my body?
No, there is absolutely no space or possibility that a cup can get lost. However, it can get in a little deep because of the high cervix.

What is gynecologist opinion on menstrual cups?
The opinions are positive throughout the world as they are safe and environmental friendly too.

How do menstrual cups work give me a brief idea?
Made out of medical certified silicone; Menstrual cups are inserted in vagina to collect blood during periods.

Can I use a menstrual cup overnight?
Yes, it can be used for 12 hours maximum so make sure you are keeping that in mind.

Do menstrual cups hurt for virgins?
You may feel discomfort on first few days after that you will get a hang of it.

Can I use a menstrual cup if I have an IUD?
It is generally safe to use a menstrual cup with an IUD, but you should consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice. Proper insertion and removal techniques are crucial to prevent dislodging the IUD.

How long does a menstrual cup last?
It can last up to 5 to 10 years with proper care.


Priya Bhatt

I am a person who is positive about every aspect of life. There are many things I like to do, to see, and to experience. I always wanted to be a great writer. I am a hard-working and driven individual who isn't afraid to face a challenge. I'm passionate about my work and I know how to get the job done.

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  1. avatar
    Anureeti says:

    As per being a female I can relate with this.It Helped me a lot the information provided in this article is fabulous may the provider provides more information about this sensitive topic.Best wishes

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